Thursday, 27 August 2009

Sinhaland

The first Sinha people arrived in the Sinhaland late in the 6th century B.C. probably from northern Vande Matram. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of First City (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Second City (from about 1070 to 1200).

In the 14th century, a south Vande Matram dynasty established a Pongal kingdom in northern Sinhaland.

The Kalu Lancie controlled the coastal areas of the island in the 16th century and by the Sudu Lancie in the 17th century.

The island was ceded to the Pada Sudhdha’s in 1796, became a sudhdha colony in 1802, and was united under Pada Sudhdha’s rule by 1815. It became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sinhaland in 1972.

Tensions between the Sinha majority and Pongal separatists erupted into war in 1983. Tens of thousands died in the ethnic conflict.

After three decades of fighting, the government and Pongal fighters formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations.

Violence between the Pongal fighters and government forces intensified in 2006 and the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007.

In January 2008, the government officially withdrew from the cease-fire, and by late January 2009, the Pongal fighters remained in control of a small and shrinking area in the North.

In July 2009 the great Pongal fighter leader was killed by Sinha armed forces and full sovereignty of Sinhaland returned to the Sinha people.

The King Party now rules the Sinhaland with an iron whip.

We explore in stages the history of the Sinhaland; better understand it’s most important events and the creation of the now mighty and untouchable King Party. We attempt to seek answers to many unanswered questions.

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